Day 5: Editing text with nano

05_librecatprojectYesterday we looked at the commands grep, wc and less. Today we will show you how to store and edit files in UNIX First, as always, you need to startup your Virtual Catmandu (hint: see our day 1 tutorial) . Start up the UNIX prompt (hint: see our day 2 tutorial) and type in the command ‘nano’:

$ nano

You will be presented with the GNU nano text editor.

Screenshot_14_11_14_11_31

In this text editor you can type text or programs you can save on disk for later use. In this short tutorial I will guide you to some basic commands we will need in later tutorials. Type for instance a short text in this screen:

“Hello  world. My name is …”

When you want to save this text into a file type Ctrl-o (that is pressing the Ctrl-key and ‘o’ key on your keyboard). In the bottom of the screen nano will ask for a filename.

Screenshot_14_11_14_11_37

 

Type for instance ‘hello.txt’ as filename as press return. The file ‘hello.txt’ is now created on disk. We can test this with the commands we learned in the previous tutorial.

First exit the nano editor by typing Ctrl-x. And type ‘cat hello.txt’

$ cat hello.txt

You will see now the text created in the nano editor. With the UNIX command ‘ls‘ you can view all the filenames in the current directory.

$ ls

If you want to add more text to this file you can start again the nano editor with a file name.

$ nano hello.txt

You will again see the text you can edit and save again with Ctrl-o and exit nano with Ctrl-x.

Output of UNIX commands can also be written to a file.  Lets try to find all the lines in War and Piece that contain Bolkonski and inspect the results with nano:

$ cat Documents/war_and_peace.txt | grep Bolkonski > bolkonski.txt

Here we use the key ‘>’ to redirect the output of the command grep to a file named ‘bolkonski.txt’. Next we can use nano to inspect the contents of this file.

$ nano bolkonski.txt

By the way, you don’t need to type in the complete filenames in all the commands we have shown in the examples. When you type ‘bo’ and hit the tab-key then UNIX will autocomplete the file name to ‘bolkonski.txt’. I’m lazy and would type ‘cat bol’ and press tab .

Again you can use Ctrl-x to exit nano. You can view all the files with the ls command.

$ ls

bolkonski.txt  Documents  hello.txt  Pictures  
Templates  Videos Desktop        Downloads  
Music      Public    test.fix

If you want to delete a file you can use the rm command. We can try to remove our bolkonski.txt file with like:

$ rm bolkonski.txt

This concludes our short excursion into UNIX. Monday we will be back with a new chapter: processing JSON with Catmandu. Have a nice weekend!

Continue with Day 6: Introduction to Catmandu >>

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2 comments

  1. Pingback: Day 4: grep, less and wc | LibreCat

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